Monstera care: This is how the popular houseplant thrives, The Monstera is one of the most popular indoor plants. For a good reason: After all, the maintenance and propagation of the Monstera are easy. The huge, roughly pinnate leaves and the lush growth also give the plant an imposing appearance. In some species, characteristic holes are formed in the leaves. This has earned her the further name “window leaf”. The plant belongs to the aroid family and is native to the tropical regions of Central and South America.
Monstera: appearance and flowering
The Monstera forms strong, fleshy shoots from which large single leaves branch off on strong, long stalks. The leaves can grow up to 50 centimeters long and develop their characteristic appearance depending on the light conditions. However, there are also species with smaller leaves.
The window leaf forms so-called aerial roots on the main shoots. These roots are important to the plant and should not be removed.
In indoor culture, the plants can reach a height of up to three meters. With good care, Monstera plants can also develop flowers. Since the plants can be up to 200 years old, many years often pass before the first flowers. The flowers are the usual bulb flowers of the aroid family, which are surrounded by a so-called bract. The leaf is white, cream, yellow or pink in color. Over time, the flower develops into an infructescence. This can take up to 12 months.
Demands and location: light, temperature and space requirements
In its natural environment, the Monstera grows in tropical forests and has adapted to the conditions there. With its huge leaves, it catches what little light there is near the ground. With its strong, tendril growth, it climbs on trees in bright regions.
As a houseplant, the Monstera is therefore ideally suited for partially shaded areas without direct midday sun. The temperature should be at least 18 degrees Celsius. Temperatures around 22 degrees Celsius are ideal. Because of its lush growth, you should give this houseplant enough space and climbing aids offer
Monstera care: water, fertilize and repot properly
In general, Monstera care is manageable and also well suited for people with little plant experience. You should pay attention to the following things when caring for Monstera:
You should always keep your Monstera moist. Especially in summer, the plant has a high water requirement. As soon as the substrate is dry on the surface, you should water again. This way you also avoid watering too much – the plant doesn’t like that either.
In the summer months from April to around September, the large indoor plant has a high nutrient requirement. During this time you should fertilize your Monstera regularly. You can add liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water every two weeks. You can also use fertilizer sticks. Here you can find out more about the advantages and disadvantages of the different types of fertilizer.
TIP: If the Monstera leaves turn brown, this indicates an excess of nutrients. If there is a lack of nutrients, the plant sheds its leaves. If many leaves turn yellow, other mistakes in Monstera care are the cause: waterlogging, dryness or too much sunlight.
repotting and cutting
Big plants need a big planter. This also applies to the Monstera. You should therefore repot your plant into a larger container with fresh substrate at least every two years. If the roots grow out of the plant pot, you will have to repot earlier. Spring is a good time to repot.
A specific cut is not necessary for Monstera care. Only dead or unsightly parts of the plant should be removed from time to time. A cut is always necessary when the Monstera gets too big. In this case you simply cut back the main or side shoots as far as you need it.
What care does the Monstera need in winter?
The Monstera can be cultivated indoors at a constant temperature all year round. The following applies: The less light the plant gets, the cooler it should be – but never colder than 10 degrees Celsius. If the temperature is reduced, you should reduce the fertilizer application by half or omit it completely in winter (at temperatures of 10 degrees Celsius).
A problem for Monstera care is dry heating air in winter. It is best to ensure that the overall humidity in the room increases. That’s good for you too. Dry air causes problems for many people in winter. If you are not able to increase the humidity in general, you should spray your plant regularly with water.
Typical pests and diseases
The Monstera is one of the robust indoor plants. by diseases and pests Fortunately, it is rarely attacked
A clear sign that something is wrong with the Monstera are discolored leaves and plant parts. If brown spots form or entire leaves discolour, the plant may be affected by eye spot disease. This is a fungal disease. Affected parts of the plant should be cut away generously and disposed of. If that is not enough, an antifungal agent, also known as a fungicide, will help.
Discolorations are often due to care errors, as described in the section “Care for Monstera: Proper watering, fertilizing and repotting”.
In winter, even the imposing Monstera is susceptible to various pests. This is especially true when the plant is exposed to dry heating air. In particular, sucking pests such as scale, mealybugs and mealybugs or spider mites are common. Check your plant regularly for such pests. The best defense against these pests is to avoid dry air.
Multiply Monstera – that’s how it works
Can’t get enough of your Monstera or want to let your friends enjoy this wonderful plant? Then you can easily multiply them. That is how it goes:
- Use a sharp knife to cut off a leaf and stem or an entire shoot. Ideally, an aerial root should already have developed on the shoot or stalk.
- Place the plant part in a bowl of water.
- As soon as new roots form on the cutting, you can pot your Monstera young plant.
Special Notes on Monstera
It may happen that your monstera drips off the leaves. It is also often said that the “monstera is crying”. These drops are nothing more than water that the plant sweats out, so to speak. This phenomenon is known as guttation and occurs mainly at night when you have watered heavily or when the humidity is very high. It is harmless to the plant.
children, cats and pets
The Monstera is one of the poisonous indoor plants. Leaves, aerial roots, shoots, and roots can cause poisoning reactions in children, cats, and other pets if eaten. You should therefore definitely keep small children, cats and other pets away from the plant. If poisoning occurs, contact a doctor immediately.