Harvest vegetables on the balcony

Harvest vegetables on the balcony

Harvest vegetables on the balcony – with these instructions it works!, You don’t necessarily need your own garden to grow your own vegetables. You don’t even have to lease an allotment garden. It is enough if you have a balcony. We’ll show you how you can literally convert your balcony into a small kitchen garden and grow your own vegetables. This is easier than you might think!

How to grow your own vegetables on the balcony

For a long time, the balcony was considered a free seat for city people, decorated with a parasol and the usual flower boxes. All in all, such a balcony was rather boring. Only very few people would have thought that you could grow your own vegetables there. All of that has changed a lot in the last few years. Under the buzzword “urban gardening”, more and more people, especially young people, have been discovering ways to grow fruit and vegetables in cities in recent years. This can be done, for example, on your own balcony.

Harvest vegetables on the balcony
Harvest vegetables on the balcony

What do I need to be able to harvest vegetables on the balcony?

To grow vegetables on your balcony, you basically don’t need anything else than for ornamental plants. That means concretely:

  • Earth
  • planters
  • seeds or vegetables
Harvest vegetables on the balcony
Harvest vegetables on the balcony

are particularly suitable as planters on the balcony Flower boxes, large flower pots and planters . There are basically no limits to your imagination. You can use any container that’s big enough and has a few openings for excess water to drain out. So you can also use large cans or buckets to grow vegetables on your balcony. You can also build or buy a small table bed. In any case, it is important that you set up and fasten your planters securely . If possible, place larger plants in pots on the ground.

Even more important than planters is the soil. You can use conventional potting soil, so-called universal soil. There is also special soil for vegetable plants. In most cases, it differs from conventional soil mainly in terms of the nutrient content. Special soil for vegetables is enriched with certain fertilizers and nutrients that are specially tailored to vegetable plants. In any case, sooner or later you will have to re-fertilize. A special soil is therefore not absolutely necessary, but it will not harm your plants either.

seeds or vegetables
Of course, to grow vegetables you also need the plants themselves. In principle, you have two options. You can buy seeds and sow them yourself or you can buy pre-grown young vegetable plants . Vegetable plants have the advantage that you can get exactly as many as you need. Since you only have limited space, this point should not be neglected. However, not all vegetables that you can grow can be bought as preferred plants. Some vegetables have to be sown on the spot because they do not tolerate being transplanted. Here you have to decide for yourself what suits you better.

Quality comes before quantity!

Your balcony garden is not a potato field. Compared to a “real” garden, it only offers a small area for cultivation. The motto “small is nice” usually applies on the balcony. It is worth choosing varieties and types for the balcony that you cannot buy in the discount store around the corner. For example, you can choose special tomato varieties. Not only do they look great, they also taste incomparably better than the standard varieties from the supermarket. In any case, it is worth looking out for special varieties. Combined with unusual herbs , you can expand your balcony into a veritable little treasure trove.

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How do I plant my vegetables correctly?

Planting vegetables is not difficult at all. If you use pre-grown plants, fill your planter with soil and press it down a little. At the end, your jar should only be filled to the point that a rim remains. This is important for watering. Once you have filled in the soil, make a small hole with your hands or with a shovel in which you insert your plant. Gently press down on the plant, spreading a little more soil around the plant if necessary. Water generously with water . If you put several plants in a flower box, for example, you should enough space between the individual plants so that they can watch well and do not disturb each other. The spacing depends on the plants you plant. For lettuce, for example, a distance of 30 centimeters is a good guideline. If you sow vegetables, the necessary distances and also the sowing depth are written on the seed bag. It is best to sow densely and later pluck out plants that are too dense.

What tools do I need and how do I care for my vegetables

The beauty of a balcony garden is that you only need a few tools. A small shovel, possibly a small hoe to loosen the soil later and of course a watering can. That was it. You should tie up some plants later. For this you need some string and maybe a bamboo stick.

The care of your vegetables , especially in the beginning regular . When it gets hotter in summer, you should pay extra attention to the water supply of your plants. Planters dry out quickly in the sun. In midsummer it may be necessary to water daily. As with water, you should also provide your plants with nutrients in the form of fertilizer . You should fertilize regularly, especially if you want to grow larger and particularly nutrient-hungry plants such as tomatoes on your balcony. Just like water, the nutrients in a container are used up faster than in a large vegetable patch. The best thing to do is to get hold of a vegetable fertilizer and follow the instructions carefully. Too much fertilizer can be just as harmful for the plants as too little. If you are not sure, seek advice from a nursery, garden center or hardware store with a garden department.

For most types of vegetables, care is limited to watering and fertilizing. Here and there a dandelion or other “weed” can get lost between your vegetables. If it gets too big, you should remove it.

Which vegetables can I plant on my balcony?

You only have limited space on your balcony. However, this almost only limits you in the amount you can grow. You are hardly restricted when it comes to the types and varieties of vegetables. However, you can partially compensate for the lack of space by choosing vegetables that you can harvest more often.

In addition to vegetables, you can even grow some types of fruit on your balcony. We will introduce you to the most important types of vegetables and some types of fruit for your balcony and explain what you need to pay particular attention to when growing a balcony.


There are many different varieties of beans. Fire beans can grow up to four meters high. Not the best choice for the balcony. bush beans remain low. You can plant them well in flower boxes. You can harvest beans regularly over a longer period of time. Then new beans form again and again.

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Chili / Peppers

Although chili or pepperoni are rarely eaten as vegetables in this country, they most likely belong in this group. Like tomatoes, pepperoni can be grown in a larger flower pot or planter. It should have a volume of about 10 to 20 liters. That mainly depends on the type you choose. Similar to tomatoes, there are an incredible number of different varieties of chili. Depending on how tall your strain gets, you may want to tie it to a stick later for support. Chili plants need a lot of sun and plenty of nutrients.


Strawberries are a great fruit for the balcony. They only take up relatively little space and fit well in flower boxes. You can also plant them in a hanging basket and hang them up. There are even extra hanging varieties. Strawberries are perennial. When planting, you should 30 to 35 centimeters between the plants .


Peas on the balcony? Sure, that works. particular Sugar snap peas , are worthwhile. You can sow them in flower boxes or in a bucket. If you take flower boxes, you can put them on the ground and use your balcony lattice as a climbing aid . If you don’t have a balcony trellis or if you plant the peas in a bucket, you have to build another trellis. For example, from old branches. When the first sugar snap peas are ripe, you should harvest them regularly . then form again and again over a period of several weeks .

Lamb’s lettuce

You can sow lamb’s lettuce when everything else has already been harvested. In the spring you would give away valuable space with lamb’s lettuce. It grows in autumn and can still be harvested when everything else has stopped growing. However, lamb’s lettuce is only worthwhile if you sow it in several boxes or tubs.


Cucumbers are a borderline case on the balcony. You should only try them once you have had some experience . Cucumbers definitely need a trellis to grow up on. They need a lot of nutrients and are very sensitive to poor watering. Watering cucumbers properly means regularly and above all with warm water. Otherwise the fruits can become bitter .


You should always in a tall container grow It is important that water can drain off well. You fill the vessel only a little with soil and plant pre-germinated potatoes in it. Once the plants have grown a bit, top up with soil. You do this until the bucket is full. When the foliage begins to wither, you can harvest. To do this, simply tip out the whole bucket and collect all the potatoes.

(head) lettuce

Summer time is salad time. And lettuce can be grown very well in the flower box. Classically, lettuce is grown as lettuce. You can do that too. For the balcony, however, lettuce is very well suited. You don’t harvest the entire head, only the large outer leaves. The plant can keep growing and constantly provide lettuce . If you plant lettuce, you should leave a space of 20 to 30 centimeters between the plants, depending on the variety.


Admittedly, the infamous two hundredweight specimens are out of the question for growing on the balcony. Fortunately, not all types of pumpkin tend to gigantism. Some varieties remain small. This is definitely true for the fruit. Pumpkin plants form long tendrils. You can guide them along the edge on the floor. All in all, a pumpkin plant always needs a lot of space and a large planter. Even if it’s a small variety.

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Mangold could definitely be described as the big brother of spinach. Swiss chard is not only very tasty, it can also look really good. There are varieties with bright yellow or red stems. You can also harvest Swiss chard again and again. As with lettuce, you only ever harvest the outermost leaves. Like lettuce, you should plant chard about 30 centimeters apart.


Do you know what the difference between carrots and carrots is? Carrots are short and rather rounded. Carrots are long and pointed. If you want to grow carrots on the balcony, you need tall planters . 40 centimeters should be good and happy. The soil should be evenly moist and loose. You can also sow carrots in flat containers. Carrots and carrots take a long time from seed to harvest.

fruit trees

Of course, fruit is not a vegetable. But if you’re really into balcony gardening fever, you might want to grow some fruit as well. That’s fine! There are special types of fruit that remain particularly small and grow in tubs. However, they do require a lot of maintenance. suitable fruit trees especially for apples, pears, peaches or grapevines . are also classics for the tub Citrus fruits such as lemons or limes You should bring all the fruit trees in the bucket into the apartment in winter.


Radishes grow much easier and, above all, faster than carrots on the balcony. They remain small and can be harvested after just a few weeks. They are ideal for flower boxes.


Tomatoes are a real balcony classic. You can basically plant them in a similar way to chillies . It is best to put one plant in a pot or tub with a volume of 20 to 40 liters. If the plant is taller, be sure it up to keep it from snapping. An important care measure for tomatoes is pinching . New shoots keep growing in the leaf axils, where the leaves attach to the trunk. They can develop into branches. You should break out these shoots regularly. They cost the plant valuable energy that is lost for the juicy fruits. Tomatoes need plenty of nutrients and sun .


A ample square meters of space zucchini plant needs That’s a big area on the balcony. However, it is worth reserving this place for her. Once the plant begins to bear fruit, the legendary zucchini glut begins. The earlier you harvest the fruits, the more tender they are. Like beans, courgettes will also produce new fruit over and over again if harvested regularly . The flowers are also edible. Zucchini need a bucket with about 60 liters volume, lots of water, sun and nutrients.

Vegetables can be grown in the smallest area. There is room everywhere for a flower box with radishes. For your balcony you should choose vegetables that you like and that suit the space you have. It definitely pays to choose strains that you can harvest over and over again. With a little experience, you can put the varieties together in such a way that you can always harvest something on your balcony. Herbs and fruit complete your little oasis.

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