10 indoor plants for air purification

10 indoor plants for air purification

10 indoor plants for air purification, Indoor plants have a positive effect on the living atmosphere and the indoor climate. Some indoor plants even purify the air. They filter certain pollutants from the air. We will explain to you which pollutants houseplants can eliminate and introduce you to 10 houseplants for air purification with the most important information on care.

These 10 houseplants improve the air – indoor plants for air purification

Many people appreciate indoor plants. They ensure a pleasant room climate and thus improve the living atmosphere. This is because indoor plants naturally humidify the air. They also produce oxygen and reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the air. Carbon dioxide is largely responsible for bad air in rooms. In this way, plants can noticeably improve the air.

indoor plants for air purification
indoor plants for air purification


indoor plants for air purification, There are a number of plants that can not only remove carbon dioxide from the air. These plants also filter many other pollutants that regularly occur in our living environment. They represent real natural air filter systems. Pollutants that indoor plants can filter out of the air are, for example:

  • benzene
  • formaldehyde
  • Tirchlorethen
  • Xylole
  • Tulol
  • ammonia

Many of these chemicals are emitted from plastics, floor coverings, furniture or textiles. Car exhaust and cigarette smoke also contain harmful substances.

Air Freshening Plants

which plants can filter which pollutants from the air , among others, has US space agency NASA systematically examined We will now introduce you to the 10 best-known and most efficient indoor plants for air purification.

spider plant

Spider plants are the ideal houseplants. They are considered easy-care and robust houseplants . The plant grows in almost any location except in the direct midday sun in summer. Especially in summer you should keep them moist .

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Spider Plant - indoor plants for air purification
Spider Plant – indoor plants for air purification

In winter it needs less water. The spider plant has elongated leaves with a characteristic light yellowish stripe in the middle. Because of the overhanging leaves, it is well suited as a traffic light plant. It cleans the air of formaldehyde as well as xylene and tulene.


The Sansevieria, often also called bow hemp, is indestructible . It gets by with very little water and withstands the blazing sun. It also improves the air like hardly any other plant. It filters benzene, formaldehyde, trichloroethene, xylene and tulene from the air. At least that applies to the three-volume Sansevieria. In this species, the upright, lanceolate leaves are alternately marked with light yellow-whitish and dark green. The leaves can reach a height of 30 to 160 cm. The only thing this plant cannot tolerate is cold and too much water.


The ivy is a climbing plant. It therefore needs a trellis on which it can grow. The heart-shaped leaves are mottled yellow-whitish-green. This plant is also considered to be very easy to care . It is one of the houseplants that get along with little light . only water regularly You should Just like the Sansevieria, the Efeutute frees the air from benzene, formaldehyde, trichloroethene, xylene and tulene.

A leaf

The syllable is another well-known houseplant that improves the air. It frees the air from benzene, formaldehyde, trichloroethene, xylenes and tulene as well as ammonia. This makes it one of the most powerful air fresheners in the home. It is quite easy to care for and is well suited for partially shaded areas. It does not tolerate direct sun and is also grateful for high humidity. The white petals, each growing out of the plant with a spadix on a stalk, are particularly beautiful. In appearance, the plant resembles the more sophisticated flamingo flower.

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The flamingo flower is particularly similar to the single leaf in terms of the type and shape of the flower. In the case of the flamingo flower, however, the petals can range in color from white to salmon pink to a bright red. The plant is considered demanding because it requires high humidity of 60 to 65 percent. also does not tolerate direct sun . An air-improving effect has been proven especially for the large flamingo flower (Anthurium andraeanum). It filters formaldehyde, xylene and tulene as well as ammonia from the air.

sword fern

Sword ferns can be very different depending on the variety. They all have in common the long fronds that grow densely from a common base. Ferns are therefore very suitable for hanging baskets . In the Nephrolepis exaltata ‘Bostoniensis’ , the fronds are about 90 cm long. This variety of sword fern is proven to have an air-purifying effect on formaldehyde as well as xylene and tulene. Like all ferns, this variety does not tolerate direct sunlight and requires high humidity. These conditions prevail in many apartments in the bathroom.

stick palm

Steken palms are relatively small palms that can reach a size of 1 to 2 meters as houseplants. The plants form numerous dense stems on which multiply fanned out leaves grow. Overall, these plants are considered robust and easy . They do not tolerate strong sunlight and should be poured abundantly in summer. For the species Rhapis excelsa, an air-purifying effect has been demonstrated for ammonia, formaldehyde, xylene and tulene.

Edged dragon tree

The dragon tree, which we have already presented as a particularly robust and easy-care houseplant , also purifies the air. It eliminates benzene, formaldehyde, trichloroethene, xylene and tulene from the room air. In its natural environment, the dragon tree can easily grow to a height of 18 meters. with optimal care reach 2.5 meters . In appearance, the dragon tree is reminiscent of a palm tree. It forms narrow, long leaves at the tip of the trunk. Depending on the species, these soft leaves are sometimes strikingly red-green in color. The bordered dragon tree needs a bright but not sunny location . In summer it should be watered regularly.

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Better known as benjamini or ficus , the birch fig removes formaldehyde, xylenes and tuol from the air. The plant can grow up to 5 meters tall. In any case, it needs a location that is as bright as possible but not too sunny . It should be watered moderately . If you water too much, she will lose her leaves and you should urgently water less. Depending on the variety, the leaves of this tree-like plant are green with varying degrees of light marbling.

rubber tree

ideal for a location with little light . It also requires little water and is therefore very easy to care for. Characteristic are the large, shiny, leathery leaves in a deep dark green. It helps to improve the air quality by filtering formaldehyde from the air. Rubber trees can grow up to three meters high.

Indoor plants improve the air in living spaces. This is not a subjective feeling of fanatical plant lovers. Plants produce fresh oxygen through photosynthesis. You also regulate the humidity. In addition, certain indoor plants can filter various pollutants from the air. In this way, they demonstrably improve the air. However, don’t expect miracles from your plants either. For a noticeable effect you need about one plant per nine square meters of living space – at least that was the result of the NASA study mentioned at the beginning. indoor plants for air purification

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